There are innumerable studies that outline the ill effects of consumption of alcohol. Intake of alcohol is associated with rising risk of several diseases including liver disease, cancers and heart disease. However a new study has revealed that a glass of red wine each day could be beneficial for the gut microbiome of humans.
Gut microbiome or gut bacteria are healthy bacteria that are present in the intestines of humans and are linked to several health benefits. A healthy gut microbiome for example is linked to a healthy immunity and healthy digestive functions. The study titled, “Red Wine Consumption Associated With Increased Gut Microbiota α-diversity in 3 Independent Cohorts,” was published in the latest issue of the journal Gastroenterology.
For this study the team of researchers from Department of Twin Research Genetic Epidemiology, King’s College, London and VIB Centre for Microbiology KU Leuven, Laboratory of Molecular Bacteriology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Belgium in collaboration collected food, drink and dietary habits of a large population. The data collected was from three large ongoing studies write the researchers. From UK the data came from 916 pairs of twins who were part of a study. From the USA the data came from the American Gut Project and from Belgium the data came from the Flemish Gut Project, the team wrote.
Results revealed that drinking red wine even when combined with other forms of alcohol is associated with a healthy gut microbe pattern. The team answered for genetics and familial traits in having a naturally healthy gut microbe pattern by showing that one of the twins that consumed more red wine had a healthier gut microbe pattern compared to their co-twin that consumed less of red wine. Persons drinking white wine or other types of spirits of beer did not show similar benefits to their gut microbes, the study noted. The study also found that the twins that drank more red wine had a lower risk of obesity and bad cholesterol compared to their co-twin that drank less of red wine. The team of researchers believe that this benefit could also be attributed to healthy gut bacteria.